The following are the research areas:
(1) Efficient Ethanol Production System
It aims to improve production technology so that second generation bioethanol fuels do not compete with food. The association will build and operate production facilities to detect problems, find solutions, and study ways to improve efficiency.
(2) capture oxygen and CO2 as a by-product
The association will study how to take advantage of the high concentration of oxygen generated as a by-product during the production of hydrogen, as well as the CO2 generated during the production of bioethanol.
(3) Efficient operation of the entire system including fuel usage
Problems associated with the use of bioethanol as a fuel for cars and other vehicles will be analyzed. Model formulas will also be studied to generate predictions of production quantities required for both fuel raw materials.
(4) Efficient Crop Production Methods
The association will develop a system that proposes farming methods to maximize production and optimize crop composition to ensure availability of raw materials. It will try to improve the accuracy of crop yields through soil structure studies and other methods.
Toyota Brasil: a leader in the development of the flex hybrid
In 2019, Toyota Brazil marked a global milestone with the launch of the first Flex Hybrid in history. The Corolla Hybrid Flex combines an internal combustion engine with an electric motor. The difference with the traditional hybrid is that this thermal engine is able to use both gasoline and bioethanol, leading to significant savings in CO2 emissions.
Brazil is one of the largest biofuel development countries in the world due to its use of sugarcane. In addition to creating jobs across the agro-industrial value chain, this type of fuel has the potential to offset and reabsorb emissions produced while driving. Through photosynthesis, plants fix carbon from the environment, generating a virtuous cycle to reduce greenhouse gas emissions: Compared to gasoline, CO2 emissions are up to 90% lower.
At its plants in Indaiatuba and Sorocaba, Toyota Brazil produces the Corolla and Corolla Cross Hybrid, the only hybrids manufactured in Latin America. This is the core of the hybrid that Toyota markets in Argentina, where the brand leads the electrified vehicles market with about 90% of sales.
HVO100 in Europe: 100% renewable hydrotreated vegetable oil
In July, Toyota Motor Europe (TME) announced that its diesel range would be HVO100 compatible: hydrotreated vegetable oilor hydrotreated vegetable oil, which is produced from recycled waste such as palm or rapeseed oil and used cooking oil.
To be manufactured in Durban, South Africa from 2023, the Toyota Land Cruiser and Toyota Hilux will be able to use the HVO100, which has a higher cetane rating (C80) than the standard diesel, as well as a lower sulfur and aromatic hydrocarbon content. is also. , This change does not affect the vehicle’s ability to run on standard diesel – you can use any fuel as usual. With the adjustment of the injection system, the use of the HVO100 results in a slight increase in the maximum power developed by the engine.
HVO100 dispensers are becoming more and more common in European service stations, and about a thousand are already in operation in Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden. The increase in demand raises expectations to reach 15.5 million tonnes per year in 2030, compared to around 4 million tonnes today.
This type of fuel, as well as bioethanol or synthetic fuels, are important in Toyota’s path to reducing emissions from mobility and the challenge of achieving carbon neutrality before 2050.